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So here you ca find some really basic information about lighting. In the department we have 2 different families of lights, Tungsten and LED.













You'll find information on each, and the different elements associated with them. You will also find tutorials on how to use the different lighting desks we have in the studios.

Warning: You are only allowed to use the lighting systems in the studios after you have been trained by a member of staff. You should NEVER go up a ladder unless told to by a member of staff. 



Tungston Lights

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Tungson lights are the standard lighting systems used in theaters across the world. These lights use traditional bulbs with filaments (similar to normal house hold bulbs). They emit a warm amber glow to create the traditional warm wash that is regularly seen in theater shows. ​To get different colours and effects using tungston lights you need to use "Gels" and "Gobos" (see "GLOSSARY OF THEATRE LIGHTING AND TECHNICAL STAGE TERMS" word document below). We use tungston lights in House 14 and Perform 1


  The Fresnel has an adjustable cone of light has a soft edge, easily blended with adjacent beams to provide even illumination. The beam can be shaped using a set of barn doors.

 The PC stands for ‘plano-convex’ which describes the lens used in this type of luminaire. This type of lens has a smooth surface and outward curve and is used when the beam of light must have a hard or well defined edge. (used for tungston and LED lights)

Par Can

Basically, they are Beam lights of the simplest type for the stage, made up of a Par lamp inside a ‘shell’ which can be  panned from side to side, and tilted up and down, to control the direction of the light. You can also adjust the plane of the ceramic. There are no other adjustments which means there is no way to focus the light to control the beam size – the spread of the beam and the subsequent area that it will cover will depend on the distance between the Par and what is being lit (used for tungston and LED lights)


The fixture that changed the lighting industry. Source Four combines the energy-saving power of the patented HPL lamp, with a dichroic reflector and optical-quality lenses, for the coolest beam on the market. That means your gels, patterns and shutters last longer and your performance space stays cooler.

The Source Four is perfect for punching through saturated colours and performing the longest throws. (used for tungston and LED lights)


The flood does exactly what it says, it is used to flood a space with light. It is normally used on a CYC to create colour washes. It can also be used to light auditoriums for front of house light. If you have four Floods together as one unit this is known as a flood batton. (used for tungston and LED lights)

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DMX Cable

A thick data cable which carries up to five channels of information to separate lights. This is the cable that communicates between the lighting desk and the lights (used for tungston and LED lights)


Tough Rubber Sheath, 15A round pin extension cable, this cable is the industry standard cabling and is widely used in this form as 15amp cable. The cable is more commonly known as ‘LX Cable’ (used for tungston lights only)


Is simply a two way adaptor that allows you to plug two lanterns into one socket.

(used for tungston lights only)

LED Lights

LED lights are the the future for lighting. With the capability to change colour position and effect on command from the lighting desk, they create an opportunity to be be endlessly creative. LED lights use many small bulbs but very little electricity so don't get very hot unlike tungston lights. We use LED lights in Beckett 1,2 and 3.

Lighting Desks

ETC Smartfade ml: House 14 and Perform 1 Lighting desk

Zero 88 FLX: Beckett 1 lighting desk

You will only be able to use the non LED part of this tutorial.

For the rest of the video series please go to the zero 88 channel by clicking the YouTube symbol while the video is playing.

This video is owned by "Zero 88"

This video is owned by "Tim Dunbar"

Additional Stuff

Here is a glossary of all the useful lighting terms you may need. If you require anymore help or information please contact Adam Sas or Laura Tolson. Contacts can be found on the contacts page.

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